Forcible, Drug-Facilitated, and Incapacitated Sexual Assault among Undergraduate Women Using a Canadian University Sample – Alexandria Parsons, Amanda Champion, & Cory L. Pedersen
Research has shown that the annual incidence of sexual assault among college women is five times higher than their non-college counterparts (Kilpatrick, et al., 2007). Specifically, Statistics Canada (2009) reports that girls and young women between the ages of 15-24 years are more likely to be victims of sexual assault and Carey et al. (2014) reveal that during the first year in university, one in seven women will have experienced incapacitated sexual assault (ISA) or rape and approximately one in 10 will have experienced forcible sexual assault (FSA) or rape. ISA has consistently been found to be more common that FSA, which highlights the need to explore the conditions under which these assaults are occurring, including voluntary versus involuntary substance use (Mohler-kuo, Dowdall, Koss, & Wechsler, 2004; Messman-Moore, Coates, Gaffey, & Johnson, 2008; Testa, & Hoffman, 2012). Utilizing a university sample of women in Western Canada who had experienced sexual assault, this study examined the frequency of assaults that occur via force or threat of force and those that occur following voluntary versus involuntary drug or alcohol consumption. A related purpose was to identify contextual correlates of sexual assault, such as self-reported frequency of drug use and whether the assault occurred on or off campus. Preliminary results indicate that drug-related assaults amongst University women are more frequent than forcible assaults and are most often preceded by voluntary alcohol consumption.
Poster presented at the Western Psychological Association convention, Long Beach CA, 2016